Lesson 7: Pronouns (Second Form)

We learned the first form of pronouns in Lesson 2 (Personal Pronouns) and Lesson 4 (Demonstrative Pronouns). In this lesson we will learn the second form of these pronouns. The second form of the pronoun is used in many situations–direct and indirect objects, object of the preposition, izafe constructions (which we cover in Lesson 8), and others. For now, just concentrate on learning the forms below.

Before listing the forms, we need to mention that Kurmanji nouns and pronouns have gender. Grammatically speaking, nouns and pronouns are either masculine or feminine. Kurmanji does not have neuter gender. For more on grammatical gender, see this Wikipedia article.

Personal Pronouns

me, my, mine min
you, your, yours (sg.) te
him, his
her, hers
us, our, ours me
you, your, your (pl.) we
them, their wan

Personal Pronouns Second Form Listen to Personal Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

this (masculine)
this (feminine)
that (masculine)
that (feminine)
these van
those wan

Demonstrative Pronouns Second Form Listen to Demonstrative Pronouns

Notice that “them, their, theirs” (in the personal pronoun chart) is the same form as “those” (in the demonstrative pronoun chart). The difference becomes clear in the context of a sentence.

Remember that these Quizlet sets allow for lots of study and test options. For an explanation of these options, see this page.

Vocabulary Lesson 07 Vocabulary Lesson 07 Audio

There are no exercises for this lesson. The second forms of the pronoun occur within sentence structures that we have not yet covered. However, you will begin to use the second forms of the pronoun in the next lesson, so learn them well before moving on.