Lesson 7: Pronouns (Second Form)
We learned the first form of pronouns in Lesson 2 (Personal Pronouns) and Lesson 4 (Demonstrative Pronouns). In this lesson we will learn the second form of these pronouns. The second form of the pronoun is used in many situations–direct and indirect objects, object of the preposition, izafe constructions (which we cover in Lesson 8), and others. For now, just concentrate on learning the forms below.
Before listing the forms, we need to mention that Kurmanji nouns and pronouns have gender. Grammatically speaking, nouns and pronouns are either masculine or feminine. Kurmanji does not have neuter gender. For more on grammatical gender, see this Wikipedia article.
|me, my, mine||min|
|you, your, yours (sg.)||te|
|us, our, ours||me|
|you, your, your (pl.)||we|
Personal Pronouns Second Form Listen to Personal Pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns Second Form Listen to Demonstrative Pronouns
Notice that “them, their, theirs” (in the personal pronoun chart) is the same form as “those” (in the demonstrative pronoun chart). The difference becomes clear in the context of a sentence.
There are no exercises for this lesson. The second forms of the pronoun occur within sentence structures that we have not yet covered. However, you will begin to use the second forms of the pronoun in the next lesson, so learn them well before moving on.